Explore Melbourne Polytechnic

During this Decade – 1930s


Great Depression hits Australia hard – at its peak in the early 1930s around one third of Australians were out of work.

1930: First international telephone call was made by Australian Prime Minister James Henry Scullin.

1932: Sydney Harbour Bridge opened on 19 March. ABC begins broadcasting.

1932/33: the infamous ‘Bodyline’ Test Cricket series between England and Australia takes place in Australia.

1934: first commercially made ute hits the market. 300 000 people attend the dedication of Melbourne’s Shrine of Remembrance on 11 November.

1939: Robert Menzies becomes Prime Minister of Australia. Germany invades Poland and World War II begins. Black Friday bushfires claim 71 lives in South East Australia.

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Last Modified: 14th June 2013

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