John Fitzgerald Kennedy elected President of the United States of America. At 43-years-old he is the youngest American president ever, creating a wave of optimism and pride across the country. In his inaugural speech he challenges Americans to “Ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country”.
1963: America and the world stunned when President Kennedy is shot and killed as his motorcade drives through Dallas.
1964: South Vietnam pledges “total war” against the communist north. The American Congress votes to allow President Johnson to take all necessary action against North Vietnam after attacks on the US destroyer Maddox.
1965: Prime Minister Menzies declares Australia at war with Vietnam.
1966: First television programs from the UK transmit to Australia by satellite.
1967: 90% of Australians vote in a referendum to have indigenous Australians counted in the census.
1969: Apollo 11 lands the first men on the moon.
1969: Australian Arbitration Commission adopts the principle of equal pay for women.